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Versluis, E (Esther)


Expertise

European Union, regulatory governance, policy analysis, policy implementation, agencies, risk governance


Career History

EMPLOYMENT

 

  • PROFESSOR of European Regulatory Governance, since April 2015
    • Maastricht University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, Department of Political Science
  • ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR, 2011-2015
    • Maastricht University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, Department of Political Science
  • FULBRIGHT VISITING SCHOLAR, 2011
    • Cornell University, Faculty of Science and Technology Studies
  • ASSISTANT PROFESSOR, 2003-2010
    • Maastricht University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, Department of Political Science
  • LECTURER, 2001-2003
    • Maastricht University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (European Studies)
  • PHD CANDIDATE, 1998-2003
    • Utrecht University, Faculty of Social Science

 

DEGREES

 

  • Steep Face - Developing and Strenghtening Leadership (2014)
  • Basic Teaching Qualification (in Dutch: BKO certificaat): December 2010
  • PHD, July 2003
    • Utrecht University, Faculty of Social Sciences 
    • Supervisors Prof. Dr. Frans van Waarden & Dr. Jan Simonis
    • "Enforcement Matters. Enforcement and Compliance of European Directives in Four Member States"
    • Awarded with the 'Van Poelje' prize 2003; Dutch Association for Public Administration
  •  
  • MA (doctoraal) Culture & Sciences, September 1998 
    • Maastricht University, Faculty of Arts and Culture (Interdisciplinary program with an emphasis on 'Political Culture')
    • Thesis: "National EU Policies in the Netherlands and Belgium. From National to European Policy Styles?"
    • Fall 1996: Hull University (UK), Politics & European Studies
    • Fall 1998: Research Internship, European Institute for Public Administration (EIPA), Maastricht

 

AWARDS  & OTHER DISTINCTIONS

 

  • 2015. BEST PHD SUPERVISOR AWARD
    • Awarded by the Netherlands Institure of Government (Dutch research school for public administration and political science)
  • 2011. FULBRIGHT SCHOLARSHIP
    • Visiting scholar at Cornell University
  • 2005. Van Poelje Prize.
    • Awarded by the Dutch Association for Public Administration for the best PhD Dissertation of 2003

 

MEMBERSHIPS

 

  • Netherlands Institute of Government
  • European Consortium of Political Research

 

OTHER ACADEMIC ACTIVITIES

 

  • Member of the NWO Rubicon Committee (2014-2015) (The Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research; Committee responsible for funding Postdocs)
  • Member of the Advisory Board of the Netherlands Institute of Government (since January 2008)
  • Jury Member, Van Poelje Prijs for the best PhD in the field of public administration (since 2011)
  • Academic referee for, amongst others, 'Journal of Common Market Studies', 'Journal of European Public Policy', 'Journal of European Integration', 'Regulation & Governance', 'Journal of Contemporary European Research', 'International Review of Administrative Sciences', 'European Journal of Political Research', and 'Bestuurskunde'.
  • Member of the editorial board of 'Bestuurskunde' (2006-2011)
  • Asia-link project "Development of a Core Curriculum on European Studies to be used in China for MA students with supplementary elements for PhD students" (project sponsored by the European Commission with the partners Maastricht University, Mannheim Centre for European Studies, Institute of European Studies of Macau and IES/CASS Beijing; 20-27 October 2004, Macau & 13-17 June 2005, Beijing).

Research Profile

 

Esther's doctoral research analyzed the actual implementation of European Union (EU) legislation at the member state level. Her PhD opened the black box of compliance, and demonstrated what really happens with EU legislation, after transposition, in the member states. The study explored the explanatory mechanisms at work; in particular issue salience, legal design, organizational structure of the enforcement agencies and characteristics of the street-level actors, and was awarded with the Van Poelje Prize for the best PhD dissertation in the field of public administration.

Since then, Esther’s research concentrates on problems and complexities related to European regulatory governance and can be summarized around two core themes:

 

1)   How can we explain and contribute to a better understanding of problems related to the implementation of international (i.e. EU) policy? Moving beyond the key question of how EU policy is applied in practice (e.g. Versluis, 2003; Versluis, 2007), Esther’s research currently centers around questions related to the role of EU agencies in improving implementation of policy at the member state level (e.g. Kaeding & Versluis, 2014; Versluis & Tarr, 2013; Versluis, 2012; Groenleer et al., 2010) and related to the importance of issue salience as an explanatory factor in understanding implementation failure or success (e.g. Spenzharova & Versluis, 2013; Versluis, 2004).

 

2)   How are risks being regulated in the European Union? Focusing on key policy sectors such as chemical safety, food safety and GMOs, Esther explores how risks are being regulated at the European level (e.g. Hommels et al., 2014; Fox et al., 2011; Versluis et al., 2010), and she further explores the role EU agencies and comitology play in the regulation of (uncertain) risks (e.g. Kim et al., 2013; Klika et al., 2013). Together with Ellen Vos and Marjolein van Asselt she edited the volume Balancing between Trade and Risk. Integrating legal and social science perspectives (Routledge, 2013) which collects chapters analyzing the trade-off between risk regulation and international trade policy.

 

In addition, together with Paul Stephenson and Mendeltje van Keulen, Esther published the textbook Analyzing the European Union Policy Process (2011) in the Palgrave European Union Series.

 

In her inaugural lecture - The European regulatory state at risk? The EU as a regulator of complex policy problems - Esther further developed the question of how the EU actually regulates risks. Following different disciplinary perspectives, using the concepts of wicked problems, risks and crises, the lecture outlines and analyzes what the EU should or should not do when confronted with complex policy problems such as the financial crisis or the refugee problem. A copy of the inaugural lecture can be found here.  

 

PhD supervision

 

  • Sandra Boessen, The Politics of European Union Health Policy-Making. An actor-centred institutionalist analysis (14-11-2008) (together with Prof. Hans Maarse)
  • Josine Polak, What works to make EU law work? An analysis of the usefulness of national, transnational, and supranational compliance instruments (16-10-2015) (together with Prof. Chris Backes)

Current PhD students

  • Christoph Klika (together with Prof. Tannelie Blom) - The role of information and expertise in EU agencies
  • Jinhee Kim (together with Prof. Tannelie Blom) - Informal power and influence of EU agencies
  • Hannah Brodersen (together with Prof. Andre Klip) - Assessing the impact of national criminal courts on the rule of law in Serbia and Bosnia Herzegovina

Research Projects


Publications

 

International (refereed) journals

 

Spendzharova, A., E. Versluis, E. Radulova and L. Flothe (2016) 'Too much, too fast? The sources of banks' opposition to European banking structural reforms', Journal of Banking Regulation, 17(1/2): 133-145.

 

Versluis, E. (2016) The European regulatory state at risk? The EU as a regulator of complex policy problems, Inaugural Lecture 19 February, Maastricht University.

 

Spendzharova, A. & E. Versluis (2014) ‘When ‘Good Enough’ Does Not Suffice. The Impact of Crisis on Institutional Change in European Financial Sector Governance’, Studia Diplomatica, LXVII(2): 7-20.

 

Mastenbroek, E., Spendzharova, A. and E. Versluis (2014) 'Clawing Back Lost Powers? Parliamentary Scrutiny of the Transposition of EU Social Policy Directives in the Netherlands', West European Politics, 37(4): 750-768.

 

Klika, C., Kim, J. and E. Versluis (2013) ‘Why science cannot tame politics: The new EU comitology rules and the centralised authorization procedure of GMOs’, European Journal of Risk Regulation, 3: 327-334.

Spendzharova, A. and E. Versluis (2013) ‘Issue salience in the European Policy Process: what impact on transposition?’, Journal of European Public Policy, 20(10): 1499-1516.

Versluis, E. and E. Tarr (2013) ‘Improving compliance with European Union law via agencies: The case of the European Railway Agency’, Journal of Common Market Studies, 51(2): 316-333.

Fox, T., Versluis, E. and M Van Asselt (2011) ‘Regulating the Use of Bisphenol A in Baby and Children’s Products in the European Union: Current Developments and Scenarios for the Regulatory Future’, European Journal of Risk Regulation, 2(1): 21-35. 

Adamini, S., E. Versluis and H. Maarse, (2011) ‘EU Policymaking on the Tobacco Advertising Ban: Overcoming the Deadlock’, Health Economics, Policy and Law, 6: 65-84. 

Versluis, E., M. van Asselt, T. Fox and A. Hommels (2010) ‘The EU Seveso regime in practice. From uncertainty blindness to uncertainty tolerance’, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 184: 627-631.

Groenleer, M., M. Kaeding and E. Versluis (2010) ‘Regulatory governance through agencies of the European Union? The role of the European agencies for maritime and aviation safety in the implementation of European transport legislation’, Journal of European Public Policy, 17(8): 1212-1230.

Adamini, S., Maarse, H., Versluis, E. and D. Light (2009) ‘Policy Making on Data Exclusivity in the European Union: From Industrial Interests to Legal Realities’, Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law, 34(6): 979-1010.

Versluis, E. (2007) ‘Even Rules, Uneven Practices: Opening the ‘Black Box’ of EU law in action’, West European Politics, 30(1): 50-67.

Versluis, E. (2004) ‘Explaining Variations in Implementation of EU Directives’, European Integration online Papers, Vol. 8, N° 19, http://eiop.or.at/eiop/texte/2004-019a.htm

Neuhold, C. and E. Versluis (2004) ‘The Constitutional Treaty: Tackling the “Democratic Challenge”’, Federal Trust Constitutional Online Paper, No. 25/04, http://www.fedtrust.co.uk/constitutionalpapers
 

Books

 

Asselt, van M.B.A., E. Versluis and E. Vos (eds.) (2013) Balancing between Trade and Risk. Integrating legal and social science perspectives, London: Routledge.

Versluis, E., van Keulen, M. and Stephenson, P., (2011) Analyzing the European Union Policy Process, Palgrave MacMillan (European Union Series) 

Versluis, E. (2003) Enforcement Matters. Enforcement and Compliance of European Directives in Four Member States, Delft: Eburon.

Versluis, E. (2002) The Enforcement of European Occupational Safety and Health Directives in Four EU Member States, Netherlands School for Social and Economic Policy Research, 2002/03, Utrecht: AWSB. 

 
Contributions to books

 

Polak, J. and E. Versluis (2016) 'The virtues of interdependence and informality: an analysis of the role of transnational networks in the implementation of EU directives'. In: Drake, S. and M. Smith (eds.) New Directions in the Effective Enforcement of EU Law and Policy, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, pp.105-129.

 

Versluis, E. and J. Polak (2016) 'International cooperation via networks and agencies: A tale of perceptions, informality and national cultures', in: Van der Steen, M. and N. Chin-A-Fat (eds.) Cross-border cooperation between national inspectorates, International conference on enforcement in a Europe without borders (23-02-2016).

 

Blom, T., Suijlekom, L. van, Versluis, E. and Wirtz, M. (2014) ‘The Politics of Information in the EU: The Case of European Agencies’, in Blom, T. and S. Vanhoonacker (eds.) The Politics of Information. The Case of the European Union, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 93-108.

 

Hommels, A., Versluis, E., Fox, T. and Asselt, M. van (2014) 'Regulating risks by rules: Compliance and negotiated drift in the Dutch chemical industry under the Seveso regime', in Hommels, A., Mesman, J. and Bijker, W. (eds.) Vulnerability in Technological Cultures. New Directions in Research and Governance, Cambridge MA: The MIT Press, pp.243-266.

 

Kaeding, M. and Versluis E. (2014) 'EU agencies as solutions to pan-European implementation problems', in Everson, M., Monda, C. and Vos, E. (eds.) European Agencies in between Institutions and Member States, Alphen aan den Rijn: Wolters Kluwer, pp.73-86.

 

Mastenbroek, E. en E. Versluis (2014) 'Naleven en handhaven', in Hoogerwerf, A. en M. Herweijer (red.) Overheidsbeleid. Een inleiding in de beleidswetenschap, Alphen aan den Rijn: Kluwer, pp.137-149.

 

Fox, T., Asselt M.B.A. van, Versluis, E. and Vos, E. (2013) ‘Introduction’, in Asselt, van M.B.A., E. Versluis and E. Vos (eds.) (2013) Balancing between Trade and Risk. Integrating legal and social science perspectives, London: Routledge, pp. 1-12.

Navah, M., Versluis, E. and Asselt, M.B.A. van (2013) ‘The Politics of Risk Decision Making: The Voting Behaviour of the EU Member States on GMOs’, in Asselt, van M.B.A., E. Versluis and E. Vos (eds.) (2013) Balancing between Trade and Risk. Integrating legal and social science perspectives, London: Routledge, pp. 128-146.

Fox, T., Versluis, E. and Asselt M.B.A. van (2013) ‘Regulating the Use of Bisphenol A in Baby and Children’s Products in the European Union: Trade Implications of an Uncertain Risk’, in Asselt, van M.B.A., E. Versluis and E. Vos (eds.) (2013) Balancing between Trade and Risk. Integrating legal and social science perspectives, London: Routledge, pp. 147-171.

Kim, J., Klika, C. and Versluis, E. (2013) ‘Agencies as Risk Managers? Exploring the Role of EU Agencies in Authorisation Procedures’, in Asselt, van M.B.A., E.Versluis and E. Vos (eds.) (2013) Balancing between Trade and Risk. Integrating legal and social science perspectives, London: Routledge, pp. 175-196.

Asselt, M.B.A. van, Fox, T., Versluis, E. and Vos, E. (2013) ‘Regulating Innovation, Trade and Uncertain Risks’, in Asselt, van M.B.A., E. Versluis and E. Vos (eds.) Balancing between Trade and Risk. Integrating legal and social science perspectives, London: Routledge, pp. 247-275.

Versluis, E. (2012) ‘Catalysts of compliance? The role of European Union agencies in the implementation of EU legislation in Poland and Bulgaria’, in Busuioc, M., Groenleer, M. and Trondal, J. (eds.) The agency phenomenon in the European Union, Manchester: Manchester University Press, pp. 172-190.

Suvarierol, S., Versluis, E. en Mastenbroek, E. (2012) ‘De Commissie en de agentschappen: een Europese superregering?’, in Vleuten, A. van der (ed.) De Bestuurlijke Kaart van de Europese Unie. Instellingen, besluitvorming en beleid, Bussum: Coutinho, pp. 53-73 (3e, herziene editie).

Versluis, E. (2012) ‘Het Europees Parlement, van marginaal tot machtig’, in Vleuten, A. van der (ed.) De Bestuurlijke Kaart van de Europese Unie. Instellingen, besluitvorming en beleid, Bussum: Coutinho, pp. 75-91 (3e, herziene editie). 

Versluis, E., Van Asselt, M., Fox, T. and Hommels, A. (2010) ‘Calculable Risks? An analysis of the European Seveso Regime’, in Goodwin, M., Koops, B.J. and Leenes, R. (eds.) Dimensions of Technology Regulation, Nijmegen: Wolf Legal Publishers, pp. 21-37.

Klip, A., E. Versluis and J. Polak (2009) ‘Improving mutual trust amongst European Union Member States in the areas of police and judicial cooperation in criminal matters. Lessons from the operation of monitoring, evaluation and inventory mechanisms in the first and third pillars of the European Union’, in Dane, M. and A. Klip (eds.) An additional evaluation mechanism in the field of EU judicial cooperation in criminal matters to strengthen mutual trust, Tilburg: Celsus Legal Publishers, pp. 99-248.

Versluis, E. (2008) ‘The Achilles’ heel of European regulation. National administrative styles and the Commission’s neglect of practical implementation’, in Joachim, J., B. Reinalda and B. Verbeek (eds.) International Organizations and Policy Implementation. Enforcers, managers, authorities?, London: Routledge, pp.120-134.

 

National (refereed) journals

 

Groenleer, M. en E. Versluis (2012) ‘Nederland en het Europa van de ambtenaren: uitvoering en toezicht door comités, netwerken en agentschappen’, Bestuurskunde, 21(3): 2-6.

Kaeding, M. en E. Versluis (2012) ‘De nieuwe wereld van de Brusselse comitologie: grote veranderingen op papier, weinig gevolgen in de praktijk?’, Bestuurskunde, 21(3): 7-19.

Keulen, M. van en E. Versluis (2009) ‘Het Europese Ideaal’, Bestuurskunde, 18(2): 3-7.

Versluis, E., Y. Kleistra en K. Termeer (2008) ‘Globalisering en Global Governance’, Bestuurskunde, 17(4): 2-4.

Versluis, E. (2006) ‘De Europese Commissie. Een waardige ‘hoedster’ van de Europese Verdragen?’, Bestuurskunde, 15(2): 75-83.

Versluis, E. en J. Hoogenboezem (2004) ‘Uitvoering van Europees Beleid in Nederland’, Bestuurskunde, 13(6): 271-278.

Professional publications

 

Asselt, M. van en Versluis (2013) ‘Agrobiotechnologie en de politiek van risico-regulering’, Magazine Nationale Veiligheid en Crisisbeheersing, 11(4): 34-35. (Uitgever: Nationaal Coördinator Terrorismebestrijding en Veiligheid, Ministerie van Veiligheid en Justitie).

Versluis, E. en Van Asselt, M. (2013) ‘Europese agentschappen: de trend in risicoregulering’, Magazine Nationale Veiligheid en Crisisbeheersing, 11(2): 14-15. (Uitgever: Nationaal Coördinator Terrorismebestrijding en Veiligheid, Ministerie van Veiligheid en Justitie).

Versluis, E. en Van Asselt, M. (2012) ‘Onzekerheid als blinde vlek in het Europese Seveso-regime’, Magazine Nationale Veiligheid en Crisisbeheersing, 10(1): 42-43. (Uitgever: Nationaal Coördinator Terrorismebestrijding en Veiligheid, Ministerie van Veiligheid en Justitie).

 
Versluis, E. (2006) ‘Europese Eenwording?’, Kennislink, 12 december (www.kennislink.nl).


Teaching

MANAGEMENT FUNCTIONS

 

  • DIRECTOR OF STUDIES Bachelor European Studies - Maastricht University, since September 2014
  • DIRECTOR OF STUDIES Master European Public Affairs - Maastricht University, 2007-2014
  • BKO Coordinator - Maastricht University, 2012-2014
    • Responsible for coordinating and assessing the Basic Teaching Qualification portfolios of colleagues.
  • Chair Program Committee Arts and Culture - Maastricht University, 2012-2014
  • Chair of the Faculty Council, Maastricht University, 2005-2007
  • Member of the Faculty Council, Maastricht University, 2003-2005

 

OTHER TEACHING ACTIVITIES

 

Master European Public Affairs - Maastricht University

  • EVALUATION AND IMPLEMENTATION OF EU POLICY (8-weeks module)
    • Lecturer
  • THESIS SUPERVISION

 

Research Master European Studies - Maastricht University

  • WORKSHOP EUROPEAN AGENCIES
  • THESIS SUPERVISION

 

Master European Studies - Maastricht University

  • THE EU POLICY PROCESS (8-weeks module)
    • Lecturer
  • THESIS SUPERVISION

 

Bachelor European Studies - Maastricht University

  • POLICY DOMAINS (8-weeks 2nd year module)                        
    • Lecturer
  • THESIS SUPERVISION

 


Additional roles & tasks

Professor of European Regulatory Governance